Friday, August 23, 2013


THE BOB ROSS FOUNDATION, named for the founder of San Francisco’s BAY AREA REPORTER, celebrated its 10th anniversary in April 2013.

TIM CURRAN, former news director of OUTQ NEWS on SIRIUSXM RADIO, left the station last October and is now a documentary producer at ATLAS MEDIA in New York City. XORJE OLIVARES now anchors the station’s news coverage.

FENUXE, based in Atlanta, celebrated its third anniversary with its April 11, 2013, issue. 

INSTINCTMAGAZINE.COM, the online arm of the namesake publication, reached number one on REDDIT.COM. JONATHAN HIGBEE’S piece on the IOC’s announced treatment of pro-gay athletes at the Sochi Winter Games went viral, first on Facebook, then reaching the number 1 spot on reddit’s front page. This post alone drew in hundreds of comments and 300,000+ views.

THE MONTROSE STAR, based in Houston, Texas, entered its fourth year of publication with its April 10, 2013, issue.

Volume 15
Issue 5

Tuesday, August 20, 2013

PRESSING QUESTIONS: South Florida Gay News of Wilton Manors, Fla.

by David Webb

Staff size and breakdown: chief operations officer, associate publisher, managing editor, graphic designer, website news editor, website director, news editor, sales and marketing director, four salespersons, community outreach director and bookkeeper, plus 10 stringers

Average page count: 48 pages

Area of coverage: Tri County Dade, Broward and Palm Beach Counties

Key demographics:  25-54-year-old adults, college educated, professional; motto is “reaching people who care”

Print run: 10,000 weekly

Website address:


PPQ: When did you launch your publication, and what inspired you to do it?

Publisher Norm Kent: January of 2010. With the failure of the South Florida Blade and the collapse of Window Media, the community lacked a credible and conscientious newspaper.
PPQ: What, if anything, distinguishes your publication from other LGBT newspapers, magazines and online publications?

Kent: We are members of the Florida Press Association, media partners with CNN and the Sun-Sentinel, and belong to the Society of Professional Journalists. We are a credible and investigative newspaper reporting on the warts and wounds of the LGBT community, along with its achievements and accomplishments. We are independent from any and all community organizations and beholden to none, though we will publicize their deeds, good or bad.

PPQ: What were your greatest challenges in getting it up and running?

Kent: In a market where publications often come and go, the greatest challenge is developing a credible advertising base of community and business-based professionals who would support the paper on a weekly basis.

PPQ: Is it successful now and how do you gauge that?

Kent: You look at two years consecutive of being in the black, scores of letters to the editor, the mainstream media picking up your stories, reporters from CNN or FOX calling you for quotes, sources coming to you with leads for investigative pieces, advertisers accepting your rates because they know you represent your market, and you can gauge that you have a level of success, but damn, there is no such thing as letting up or slowing down. You give birth every week to a new child, and labor pains are always there.

PPQ: Have you experienced significant changes in publication size, and when did you see that occurring?

Kent: No, I try to balance it out because too big is too cumbersome and too much for the readers to absorb. You try to find a median size so you can stay within range and budget, though when you have a Pride issue, as we do in March and June, you go up in size. In March, at 104 pages, we were the largest LGBT weekly in America.

PPQ: Are you facing new challenges? If so, what are they?

Kent: You face challenges every week with distribution, staffing, production, overhead, costs, budgeting, and you have to balance that with editorial content, news, local, national. It is an ongoing process, and the news is always there, more for you to report on in an emerging gay community than sometimes you have room in the paper for. So the biggest change since our inception, your next question, is our online presence.

PPQ: How does the publication differ now from its original inception, and what is the most popular feature?

Kent: The emerging change is to drive our website and we are posting new original content daily, five or six stories, and the web presence is getting more hits in three days than our distribution of the newspaper weekly. We have to adapt to thousands of readers coming to us for content. When we featured a critical editorial on Adam Lambert, it drew so many of his fans to censure me, it knocked out our website for hours. So we have to constantly build that up as it takes over a commanding presence. As every publisher will tell you, monetizing the website is still a challenge.

PPQ: What's the most surprising feedback you've received from a reader?

Kent: You can publish 84 pages, 100 articles, and 250,000 words with 75 ads, and someone will tell you that a comma was in the wrong place and how can you be so careless. And it may have simply been a graphic design error.

PPQ: What advice do you have for others working in LGBT media?

Kent: My main point is to drive home the view that you serve the community and its conscience, and you have to be conscientious, consistent, and credible, never supplicating yourself to the demands of advertisers. You are not there to kiss ass, but kick ass, and that sometimes means being controversial and committed to the truth. Daniel Patrick Moynihan once said that if you go to a country and you open a newspaper and there is only good news, that means in that country a lot of good people are in jail. We are not here to provide protection for anyone, but professionalism to everyone. Create a good product, a strong advertising base that trusts you, and you will find a community that supports you.

Volume 15
Issue 5

Sunday, August 18, 2013

IN THE NEWS: Archive Project Preserves Decades of Baltimore's LGBT History

By  Denise R. DuarteOriginally published in Gay LifeMarch 28, 2013Reprinted with permission
It is a rare opportunity to hold archives in your hands and know that your efforts will be part of LGBTQ history. But that is exactly what is happening at The GLCCB, right now, for a group of very dedicated volunteers.
    Gay Life has been published by The GLCCB for the last 34 years. Recently, the LGBTQ History Committee finished organizing and inventorying all of the publication’s back issues. This collection of Gay Life represents a history of Baltimore and—because The GLCCB is one of the country's oldest LGBTQ community centers—the history of the nation.
    In early 2012, artist and activist Denise R. Duarte and The GLCCB’s Gary Wolnitzek accessed the randomly stacked and unboxed array of back issues taking over the unfinished portion of the GLCCB’s attic. They knew that creating organized, scanned, digitized versions available for free to the greater community would be an enormous undertaking.
    Now we see the dream becoming a reality. Duarte, the initial LGBTQ History Committee Chair, made saving the collection a personal priority. She and a small, but growing, group of volunteers have been coming together to sort, organize, and inventory the collection. It is an effort that would not be possible if not for GLCCB Senior Volunteer Marty Shayt, who had taken care to save copies of each new issue to the collection over the years. Despite a handful of missing issues, the collection is nearly complete.
    “Our goal is to have a complete set for the collection,” explained Duarte, “This is one of the oldest, continuously published LGBTQ publications in the nation and we would love to have a digital copy of each issue.”
    The next phase is to properly conserve the collection in archival folders and boxes, with the eventual goal of digitization and providing research access, which the volunteers estimate will occur in 2015, assuming they can raise adequate funding for the project. The team is writing grants and exploring additional fundraising opportunities.
    The first publication (then called The Gay Paper) printed in April, 1979, is a black and white newsletter. That newsletter transformed into a myriad of various versions of itself over the years, to today’s full color, monthly lifestyle magazine.
    “The newspapers really connect you to the past. They show you how far things have come,” said current Committee Chair Patrick Alexander. “Yet many of the headlines from 20 or 30 years ago involve issues we’re still dealing with today. The LGBT community has come a long way, but there is still much work to be done.”
    Archive Project Manager Arnie VandeBrake offers a contemporary perspective: “Nowadays, people, especially young people, are so used to having everything at their fingertips and easily accessible. Information is instantly accessible, and you don’t have to worry that it will go away—it exists forever in a digital space. I think that makes this project so important. This is history that only exists in its physical form right now. If it’s not cared for, it will disappear. It will disintegrate.”
    Jill Stromberg, GLCCB Board Member and volunteer values the collection: “By preserving these artifacts and pieces in history, not only are we giving voice to many of those who no longer have it—we are also equipping our current 'LGBTQA+/Queer' generation with the knowledge and vision that our mentors and our elders had. This will only be another tool in our belt to move forward in creating the positive change that they worked for, and many died for.”
    The main requirement for the History Committee is that the needs of the collection come first, but they try to have fun while working on them. Alexander echoes this sentiment, “I started working on the newspaper archive project because I wanted to get involved at The GLCCB with something I thought was important and meaningful to Baltimore’s LGBT community. The history of our community is documented within those newspapers and it is imperative that they be preserved.”
    VandeBrake sums up the project’s value: “The most immediately obvious and unmistakable takeaway from having all of these issues in one place and finally put in order is the evolution of the conversations about gay and lesbian issues. You can hold an issue from 25 years ago next to one from last month and you’ll be able to find the same questions being asked, while others would no longer be on anyone’s radar. It can be equally startling to see what issues are no longer in question as it is to realize the issues we’re still fighting for after all this time.”

    Volume 15
    Issue 5

    Tuesday, August 13, 2013

    TOP STORY: LGBT Media Summit slated for August 22

    LGBT media confab returns as part of group’s 22nd annual convention in Boston
    by Chuck Colbert

    Hundreds of news industry professionals are expected in Boston August 22-25 when the National Lesbian & Gay Journalists Association (NLGJA) convenes its 22nd convention and ninth LGBT Media Summit. 

    The Boston Park Plaza Hotel and Towers, the host hotel, is located in the city’s Back Bay neighborhood, in close proximity the heavily gay South End.

    The four-day gathering begins with the LGBT Media Summit on Thursday, August 22, followed by two full days of programming with more than 40 workshops designed to address the needs of journalists and those in the communications industry.

    "Both the convention and the media summit are meant to provide an incredible educational and networking opportunity for our members nationwide,” said Michael Tune, NLGJA’s executive director. “The panels are designed by journalists and for journalists, including those working in broadcast, online and print. It's this educational core that brings journalists to this event year after year — attendees know they're going to learn, and they know this will be a great place not only to meet new experts in their field, but also reconnect with old friends and colleagues."  

    In a significant nod to gay media, NLGJA will induct the late Bob Ross into its LGBT Journalists Hall of Fame. Ross founded the San Francisco-based Bay Area Reporter. Another inductee is Mark Segal, founder, owner and publisher of Philadelphia Gay News.

    “We are thrilled to be inducting two pioneers of the LGBT press into the NLGJA Hall of Fame” said Jen Christensen, NLGJA’s president. “These two men created two of our most well-respected and enduring LGBT publications in the country and also bravely showed mainstream publications how to give our community the thoughtful respect and coverage it deserved at a time when only stereotypes and shallow reporting were the norm.” (See SIDEBAR below.)

    This year’s assembly is the first time the journalists group has convened in New England.

    “I've wanted to have the NLGJA convention in Boston for years. I went to college here and the region's history has its high and low points,” said Doug Stewart, convention programming co-chair. “While it's important to experience the city's past, this convention is about the future. I'm pleased that we have a great selection of panels that look forward, like our emphasis on social media. I'm excited about the panels on managing the big story, learning what lessons can be learned from the Marathon bombing and staking out your digital reputation.”

    Barbara Dozetos also serves as main convention programming co-chair. "I've been working on NLGJA conventions on and off over 10 years now and I'm really excited that we're finally bringing our friends to New England,” she said. “I'm particularly excited about the programming this year. There is a great mix of long-time favorite speakers and new faces. Boston is the perfect place for us to take a look at where we've been while focusing on the question: What's next?”

    When it came to programming the one-day LGBT Media Summit, "The choice of Boston was inspiring,” said Fred Kuhr, summit co-chair.

    “There is so much history here in Boston, not just American history, but LGBT history. Even more, there is so much LGBT media history here. Using that history as a springboard, we are taking this opportunity to learn from the past as we look to the future,” said Kuhr, whose gay media experience was based primarily in Boston, as a reporter for Bay Windows, a freelancer for Boston Spirit Magazine, and long-time editor of the now-defunct In Newsweekly. (Kuhr is also editor of Press Pass Q.)

    “LGBT media finds itself at a crossroads, given so many publications shutting down, filing for bankruptcy, restructuring, cutting its print schedule or going online only. But in order to plan for a prosperous future, the gay media industry must understand and learn from its past,” said Kuhr.

    Mindful of that, the breakfast plenary is “Gay Press, Gay Power: Ensuring LGBT media’s future by examining its past.” Focusing on Tracy Baim’s new book, “Gay Press, Gay Power: The Growth of LGBT Community Newspapers in America,” contributors discuss the lessons they learned from digging into our industry’s rich history.

    For history buffs, the breakout session “In The Beginning: Boston’s role in the birth and development of LGBT media” examines the unique place Boston played in the creation of our industry.

    Looking to the future, the media summit luncheon plenary, “Outwit, Outplay, Outlast: What do LGBT media need to do to survive?” brings together industry veterans to discuss strategies for thriving in a new media landscape and economic reality.

    Other breakout sessions are also focus on the future. Discussions address how to cover global stories without leaving your local office, the changing way gay media covers faith and religion, new copyright challenges in a digital world, and tools for keeping readers up-to-date on rapidly changing HIV-prevention research.

    The summit also showcases the documentary film, “Alfredo’s Fire,” about a gay Italian writer who set himself on fire to protest the Vatican’s strictures against homosexuality. Producer/director Andy Abrahams Wilson will be on hand for this special preview.

    "After the summit taking a year off due to the UNITY convention last year, we are back on track, giving LGBT media professionals an opportunity to focus on issues unique to our industry," said summit co-chair Kuhr. “It's the one time we have to meet in person and put faces to names in order to learn from each other as our industry embarks upon these very challenging times."

    Given the tragic chain of events in Boston this past April, the main convention’s Friday morning plenary is “Of Bombings and Blunders: Lessons Learned from the Boston Marathon Attacks."

    Journalists who covered the bombings will discuss the best and worst of journalism on display in the days that followed the marathon attacks — all unfolding in real time on television and the Internet. Journalists on the front lines of reporting will share their experiences in an effort to help reporters get such stories fast and get them right when the clock is ticking.

    Other programming highlights include a plenary session conversation about the future of the Defense of Marriage Act (DOMA) and same-sex marriage. 

    A Saturday luncheon plenary features Jill Abramson, executive editor of the New York Times, a position she assumed in September 2011. Abramson serves in the highest-ranking position in The Times’ newsroom and oversees the New York Times news report in all its various forms.

    Main convention workshops will include digital-focused discussions of social media as well as blogging and online publishing. Other breakout sessions deal with the topics of the LGBTQ community and labor movement and the over-50 LGBT population of baby boomers.

    (Editor’s note: Press Pass Q’s Chuck Colbert serves, along with Kuhr, as co-chair of the 2013 NLGJA LGBT Media Summit. Kuhr and Colbert are former co-chairs of NLGJA’s New England Chapter. Colbert also served on the organization's national board of directors and has deep roots with Boston LGBT media.)

    Volume 15
    Issue 5

    SIDEBAR: LGBT media recognized with 2013 NLGJA awards

    by Chuck Colbert

    The National Lesbian & Gay Journalists Association (NLGJA) recently announced the winners of its 2013 Excellence in Journalism Awards. A number of recipients are members from LGBT media.

    In addition to special recognition, awards are presented for excellence in news writing, feature writing, opinion writing, local television, network television, radio, online, HIV/AIDS coverage and student journalism.

    Awards will be presented in Boston on August 24 during an NLGJA reception.

    The NLGJA 2013 Journalist of the Year is Michael Luongo, a freelance journalist, editor and photographer and New York University adjunct professor who teaches travel writing. His work has appeared in the New York Times, Bloomberg News, CNN, National Geographic Traveler, Gay City News, the Advocate, Condé Nast Traveler, Travel+Leisure, Details, Man About World and other publications, with most of his travel writing and international correspondence work concentrating on the Middle East and Latin America.

    One Excellence in Journalism Awards judge commented that Michael Luongo "gains amazing access to the Palestinian, Israeli and Egyptian worlds. His ability to weave a narrative draws the reader into his stories, be they about pinkwashing in Israel, the difficulties of being gay in Palestine, or what became of the out gay activists in Egypt's manifestation of the Arab Spring. He also shows versatility, reporting on both the gay world for the mainstream media and on the lesser known aspects of straight Arab society in Egypt and the just plain fascinating continued existence of Samaritans in Israel."

    Luongo is an LGBT Media Summit panelist for the breakout session on international story coverage.

    Second place in the Journalist of the Year category went to Chris Geidner of BuzzFeed. 

    Geidner serves as moderator for a Friday, August 23, mid-day plenary, “What’s Next for DOMA and Same-Sex Marriage.”

    The NLGJA Sarah Pettit LGBT Journalist of the Year Award is Lila Shapiro, a staff reporter at The Huffington Post.

    Second place for the Pettit award is Kate Sosin of Chicago’s Windy City Times.

    The Sarah Pettit Memorial Award, named for the late Newsweek journalist and founding editor of Out magazine, honors the LGBT Media Journalist of the Year.

    Other award recipients, including LGBT media professionals, are:

    Print/online awards

    Excellence in HIV/AIDS Coverage Award
    First: Rita Rubin for “Healing the Hurt,” with Oriol Gutierrez, POZ Magazine
    Second: Diane Anderson-Minshall, HIV Plus Magazine

    Excellence in News Writing Award
    First: Kate Sosin for “Generation Halsted:  A Special Windy City Times LGBTQ Youth Investigation,” with Erica Demarest, Bill Healy and Tracy Baim 
    Second: Chris Johnson for a series on historic LGBT elections wins, Washington Blade
    Third: Timothy Cwiek for his coverage of the Nizah Morris case, Philadelphia Gay News

    Excellence in Feature Writing Award
    First: Mark Johnson for “Uniquely Human: The Science of Gender, Milwaukee Journal Sentinel
    Second: Joan Garrett McClane for “A tempest in my soul: A son’s secret brings Baptist minister to his knees,” Chattanooga Times Free Press
    Third: Kathleen Wilkinson for "Close to Her Heart: Glenn Close's Passion Project," Curve Magazine

    Excellence in Opinion/Editorial Writing Award
    First: Kate Riley for a series of same-sex marriage editorials, with Lance Dickie, Thanh Tan and Sharon Pian Chan, the Seattle Times
    Second: Sean Bugg for an opinion writing series, Metro Weekly
    Third: Kerry Eleveld for “Why Barack Obama Will be A better Progressive in His Second Term,” the Atlantic

    Excellence in Online Journalism Award
    First: Blake Ellis for a series on same-sex couples’ financial challenges, CNNMoney
    Second: Alissa Bohling for “Transgender, Gender Nonconforming People Among First, Most Affected by War on Terror’s Biometrics Craze,” Truthout
    Third: Michael Luongo for “Gay Palestinians caught in the middle of conflict,” Global Post

    Excellence in Multimedia Award
    First: Olivia Ford for the video series “A Day in the Life,” with Mark S. King, Becky Allen and Kellee Terrell,

    Excellence in Photojournalism Award
    First: Preston Gannaway for “Teddy Ebony as a Young Man,” the Virginian Pilot
    Second: Scott A. Drake for “Gay Blades,” Philadelphia Gay News

    Excellence in Student Journalism Award
    First: Sarah Fournier for “Transition Leads to Joy,” Pavement Pieces
    Second: Alissa Brouillet for “The LGBT Mind,” with Adam Ilenich, Kellie Rowe, Marcela Salvador and Justin Wan, Media Garden

    Broadcast awards

    Excellence in Network Television Award
    First: David Corvo for “Golden Star,” with Kate Snow, Charmian Ling, Meghan Frank and Beverly Chase, NBCUniversal
    Second: Tommy Nguyen for “Josie’s Story,” with Hoda Kotb, Allison Orr, Nicholas Capote and Liz Cole, NBCUniversal

    Excellence in Local Television Award
    First: Joe Fryer for “Same-Sex Marriage in Washington,” with Jeff Christian, KING-TV

    Excellence in Radio Award
    First: Julia Scott for “Bon Voyage,” KALW 91.7 FM (San Francisco)
    Second: Bob Mondello for “Hollywood’s History of Putting Gay Rights on Trial,” with Sara Sarasohn and Sami Yenigun, NPR All Things Considered

    NLGJA's Excellence in Journalism Awards were established in 1993 to foster, recognize and reward excellence in journalism on issues related to the LGBT community.

    Volume 15
    Issue 5

    SIDEBAR: Two LGBT media founders enter NLGJA Hall of Fame

    by Chuck Colbert

    Earlier this month, the National Lesbian & Gay Journalists Association (NLGJA) announced its 2013 inductees into the LGBT Journalists Hall of Fame. 

    They are Bob Ross and Mark Segal. The late Ross (1934-2003) was founder of the Bay Area Reporter (BAR). Segal is founder of the Philadelphia Gay News (PGN).

    The LGBT Journalists Hall of Fame was established in 2005, recognizing journalists for their commitment, courage and dedication to LGBT issues in the media. Since then, NLGJA has honored a total of 23 journalists in the LGBT community.

    Matthew Bajko, assistant news editor of Bay Area Reporter, will accept the honor in Boston on behalf of the publication and its late founder.

    In voicing gratitude, BAR publisher Michael Yamashita said, “It’s gratifying that this honor recognizes Bob Ross’ contribution to the LGBT movement as an early founder of gay media. Like many of his colleagues, he fulfilled a need to keep our community informed from our own perspective, which inevitably led to successes in seeking equal rights for all. His professional legacy lives on in the Bay Area Reporter, the country’s oldest LGBT weekly newspaper that’s never missed an issue since 1971. His philanthropy continues through the Bob Ross Foundation, which contributes to many LGBT and local charities.”

    BAR’s Bob Ross

    Ross, along with Paul Bentley, founded San Francisco’s Bay Area Reporter on April 1, 1971, according to NLGJA. Bentley sold his interest in 1975. By 1979, Mayor Dianne Feinstein was asking Ross and San Francisco Sentinel publisher Charles Lee Morris to investigate the city police department’s response to riots following the sentencing of Dan White for the assassinations of Mayor George Moscone and openly gay Supervisor Harvey Milk. Today, BAR is one of the two oldest weekly LGBT newspapers in the country, with a circulation of about 29,000.

    One of Ross’ most trying challenges was how to respond to the AIDS crisis beginning in the early 1980s. He decided in 1983 on extensive coverage. That year, BAR reported that 40 percent of all persons with AIDS were members of minority groups, demolishing the idea of AIDS as a gay white disease. In 1984, as tensions emerged between health concerns and preserving a culture of sexual freedom (the latter supported by his editor, Paul Lorch), Ross sided with health regulations. Subsequently, Lorch left the newspaper.

    From 1985 until 1998, Ross also published 20 issues of Gay Comix.

    When Ross died in 2003 of diabetes complications, he left an estate of more than $11 million in addition to the Bay Area Reporter itself.

    Before his death, Ross established the Bob Ross Foundation to give money to a wide variety of Bay Area causes, ranging from AIDS organizations to the San Francisco Ballet. Earlier this year, it was estimated that the foundation will give away all of its money by 2023, including proceeds from a legal requirement that it sell at least 80 percent of the Bay Area Reporter by 2016.

    PGN’s Mark Segal

    Mark Segal founded Philadelphia Gay News as a monthly in 1976, after being inspired by Frank Kameny when they met in 1970, according to NLGJA. Segal has been publisher of the now-weekly newspaper ever since. Today, PGN is one of the two oldest LGBT weekly publications in the country, and the largest on the East Coast, with a weekly circulation of about 50,000.

    Before Segal started PGN, however, he was a gay activist. In 1972, after being thrown out of a dance competition for dancing with his male partner, Segal crashed the evening news broadcast of WPVI-TV, in what became known as a “zap.”

    By 1973, Segal, along with Harry Langhorne, calling themselves Gay Raiders, had zapped “The Tonight Show,” “Today,” “The Mike Douglas Show,” and the “CBS Evening News with Walter Cronkite,” that time holding a sign saying “Gays Protests CBS Prejudice.”

    Starting at Segal's April 1974 trial for zapping Cronkite, the CBS anchor asked Segal for details on the gay community's media complaints. As a result, “CBS Evening News” substantially increased its coverage of gay news and Cronkite became a supporter of gay rights.

    In 1975, Segal went on a hunger strike and a “sit-in” at the Philadelphia City Council to call attention to the need for a gay-rights ordinance. In 1976, PGN used Pennsylvania Department of Justice memos to show that state police were entrapping gay men seeking sex. In the late 1970s, PGN was publicizing how legislators voted on laws that concerned the gay community.

    By 1981, PGN published a series about drug and alcohol abuse within the gay community and was mainstream enough to boast about its straight readership. In 1993, Philadelphia Magazine’s “Best of Philadelphia” gave Segal a Clout Award.

    Starting in 2004, Segal has been elected and re-elected as president of the National Gay Newspaper Guild. After numerous awards and accomplishments over more than 40 years, Segal is most proud, however, to still be called a “gay activist.”

    During a recent telephone interview, Segal, who will be on hand in Boston, said he was completely taken by surprise with his selection for the Hall of Fame. “I’m pretty good at intelligence. I was absolutely shocked,” he quipped.

    “To be recognized by your peers is one of the most wonderful things that can happen in anyone’s life. I think it’s really a compliment to LGBT media and what we have gone through in the last 40 years or so to build our industry,” he added. “I thank those in mainstream media for recognizing that.”

    Volume 15
    Issue 5